Russian Language Facts.

For most beginner learners, Russian might seem quite mysterious and interesting foreign language to learn. It has unique alphabet, the pronunciation is different from written form and it is quite different from most European languages. Despite that learning Russian is definitely worthwhile since it has a large number of speakers and it is widely understood in various countries. Bellow you can find a list of facts about Russian language.

  1. Russian alphabet was created in 9th century by two bothers – Methodius and Cyril who were from Greek. Since these brothers were from Greek they based Russian alphabet a lot on this language. Most characters in Russian alphabet are very similar to Latin; however not all of them sounds the same. Also there are a few characters in the alphabet doesn’t represent any sound – “ь” and “ъ“.

  2. In case you want to make one sentence into a question, it is quite easy to do in Russian language. Nothing changes in the sentence and all you have to do is change your intonation.

  3. In case of an emergency, Russian language is being used to give instructions for astronauts. Due to the fact that it is necessary to learn Russian for all astronauts, this foreign language is quite commonly referred to as international language of space. So if you intend to become an astronaut one day, learning this foreign language will be essential.

  4. russian-wordsCompared with other foreign languages Russian doesn’t have too much words. While there are in fact about 500,000 words in this language (almost double amount of words exist in English), only about 2,500 of them are being used on a daily bases. A typical students’ vocabulary usually consists of up to 4000 words while higher education students might use up 8000 Russian words. If you would learn 100 most popular words of Russian, it would account for 1/4 of spoken and written speech of this foreign language. The fact that Russians use very little words in their daily life, makes learning this foreign language less complicated.

  5. There are only a few words in Russian language that would start with letters “f” and “a“. A few exceptions for letter “a” would be “аз – I“, “азбука – alphabet” and etc. The exception for letter “f” would be a word “флот – fleet“. Even though it is possible to find more words beginning with these letters, most likely they will be borrowed from other foreign languages and are not native.russian-language-statistics

  6. When it comes to numbers, Russian is being ranked as 8-th in the word based on the number of native speakers and even 5-th based on the number of total speakers. A total number of Russian speakers (native and non-native) vary between 250-280 million.

  7. Russian is an official language of UN (1 out of 6). In addition to Russia, Russian is also an official language of countries like Kyrgyzstan, Belarus as well as Kazakhstan. During times of USSR, it was an official language even of more countries; however after the collapse happened most countries switched to their native tongues.

  8. Since Russian is being categorized as Indo-European language, belonging to East Slavic branch it has quite a lot of familiarities with Ukrainian and Belarussian languages. So after learning Russian you would be able to understand quite a lot in these two foreign languages too. Also it has some similarities with Slavic languages so after studying Russian it would be easier to learn languages like Slovak, Polish, Czech, Croatian, Slovene and etc.

  9. It can be said that Russian language has quite an interesting way of addressing people. If you have just met someone, a polite way to address this person would be to use his / her name and also modified form of her or his farter’s name. For a men you would need to add “-ovich” suffix while for a women it would be “-ovna“. A suffix is always added to the name of someone’s father, not mother.

  10. There can be also cases in Russian language when you will need to use different word to address people in formal and information situations. Informal “ты – You” is being used when you already know someone; however there is also a polite form – “Вы – You“, which is being used to address people you just met.

  11. Making things negative in Russian language is quite simple. All you have to do is add “не – not” before a verb. Of course more complex sentences are possible and it is possible to make things negative in other ways too. The other easy part about this language is that unlike some European based languages, Russian doesn’t have or use articles. Due to this you don’t need to worry about adding a proper article based on gender and etc.

  12. Most sources distinguish three main dialects of Russian – Southern, Northern and Central group. Written form of Russian is based on Central dialect of Moscow. Although these dialects exists, the differences between them is quite small (significantly smaller when compared with most European languages) so people from different regions can understand each other without too much problem.